People are learning all the time for education begins when a baby is born and continues until he or she dies. What a person learns at school is only a small part of his education.
People learn from many different individuals and groups in the community. One of the most important groups to teach children is the family for they are closely tied to the family during the early years of life. Other groups who provide education are religious groups, friends and organizations to which people belong. People also learn a great deal from the mass media : radio, television, films, newspapers and magazines.
The type education people receive at school is called formal education and is provided by primary and secondary schools, academies or colleges and universities as well as in other educational institutions.
People’s Consultative Assembly’s decision number II/MPR1988 about the State Guide Lines has outlined that our National Education is based on the five basic principles which is the state Ideology and the Philosophy of People.
The aim of our National Education is to raise the quality of the Indonesian people that are devout towards the one and only God, possessing noble morals and identity, being disciplined, hard working, responsible, independent, intelligent and skilled as well as sound physically and mentally.
Furthermore National Education should be able to increase our love and devotion for our fatherland, and to strengthen our national spirit and social solidarity.
In this way our National Education will be able to create conscious people who can develop their “selves” and be responsible for our Nation development.
Beginning the school year of 1994 the government launched a Nine Year Compulsory Education. Though it is compulsory it doesn’t mean that a child “must” attend formal schools. He or she can get education from outside school programs, such as : Study Group Package B, known as Kejar Paket B, Open SD or Open SMP, and Islamic Educational Institutions, “pesantren”.
This program is meant for children living in remote places, Nomad communities, the homeless, the handicapped and the drop outs. The aim of this program is to provide opportunities for all Indonesian people to get higher education in their desired ways. The government expect that in the ten years to come the Indonesian people’s lowest education is Secondary School level.